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Today in History

February 25, 1986

MANILA, Feb. 25 — On February 25, 1986, President Corazon C. Aquino was formally sworn in as the 11th President of the Philippines during ceremonies held at Club Filipino in Greenhills, San Juan, Metro Manila.

Her inauguration, together with Vice President Salvador H. Laurel, marked the culmination of the historic 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution which toppled the authoritarian regime of President Ferdinand E. Marcos and restored democracy in the Philippines.

More popularly known as Cory, she was revered as the Philippines' "Icon of Democracy." She was also hailed by TIME Magazine as the "Saint of Democracy," due to her well-known spiritual life and strong adherence to non-violence and democracy.

Prior to her election as President, Cory was known as the self-proclaimed "plain housewife" of former Senator Benigno Aquino Jr., the popular opposition leader and staunchest critic of the Marcos administration who was assassinated on August 21, 1983 upon returning to the Philippines after his exile in the United States.

This tragic event united the then fragmented opposition against the authoritarian Marcos regime. It called for widowed Cory to enter into political arena against Marcos with one million signatures that encouraged her to run for President in a snap election on February 7, 1986.

Cory won together with former Senator Salvador H. Laurel as her vice president against the tandem of Marcos and former Senator Arturo M. Tolentino.

She finished her term on June 30, 1992 and returned to private life, although she remained active in the public eye, constantly voicing her views and opinions on pressing political issues in the country.

Mrs. Aquino died on August 1, 2009 of colon cancer at the age of 76.

On this same day in 2001, the Filipino people received an award from the Nobel Prize Laureates Foundation (Nobel Foundation) and the Center for Global Non-Violence in recognition of the so-called wonderful gift of the Spirit of EDSA to the World.

The Philippines is the first country to receive such recognition for the promotion of change through peaceful means as exemplified by People Power I in 1986 and People Power II in 2001. (PNA) scs/SDT/mec

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