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Today in History

March 29, 1936

MANILA, March 29 — On March 29, 1936, Dr. Quirino O. Navarro, a noted Filipino chemist, was born in Pinamalayan, Oriental Mindoro.

Dr. Navarro graduated with a degree in Bachelor of Science in Chemistry at the University of the Philippines in 1956, and received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Chemistry at the University of California in 1962.

His significant contribution to science is the determination of nuclear properties in the isotopes of californium, einsteinium and dysprosium using cryogenic techniques.

His findings were cited in two books and three international tomes of nuclear science and later confirmed at the University of California at Berkeley with the use of advanced instrumentation.

Dr. Navarro had also worked on neutron spectrometry and crystallography, and electronics and instrumentation process.

Also on this same day in 1994, at 10:18 a.m. at the University of San Carlos (USC) in Cebu, the Philippines was first linked to the world via Internet.

The occasion was the first International Email Conference organized by Dr. John D. Brule of Syracuse University and USC.

Earlier, in the late 1980s, Dr. Bill Torres, then head of the National Computer Center, tried to gain access to Internet. But he left the agency before he could accomplish the project.

Meanwhile, quite a few computer buffs in leading universities, such as Arnie del Rosario and Ritchie Lozada of Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU) and Kelsey Go of De La Salle University (DLSU) discussed the project and even made proposals on how to bring this about. However, it was not until early 1993 that they and another serious group held a series of meetings that led to the experimental first phase of the country's gateway to Internet, aptly called PHnet.

Formally called the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), it was originally started by the U.S. Department of Defense's Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPANET) in 1969 for the purpose of efficient communications and the sharing of resources. (PNA) scs/SDT

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