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Today in History

April 30, 1865

MANILA, April 30 — On April 30, 1865, Patrocinio Gamboa, the revolutionary heroine of Iloilo more popularly known as "Tia Patron," was born in Jaro, Iloilo.

Her reading of the works of Dr. Jose Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Graciano Lopez Jaena, among others, nourished her patriotic sentiments.

One of the first to join the Philippine Revolution in 1896, Tia Patron was one of the organizers of the Comite Conspirador and Comite Central Revolucionario de Visayas, which formed the nucleus of what later became the Revolutionary Government of the Visayas.

She was not afraid to be in the battlefield as she nursed the wounded and sick soldiers. She also collected war contributions from the Chinese in Iloilo and gathered food and medical supplies, arms and ammunition for the revolutionary forces. For this, she was also regarded as the "Heroine of Jaro."

She volunteered to the dangerous task of taking the original Philippine flag and sword sent by General Emilio Aguinaldo from Sta. Barbara, Iloilo to Jaro, where the flag was supposed to be flown for the inauguration of the Revolutionary government.

Notably, she was the one who made the Philippine flag raised at the said inauguration on November 17, 1898.

Offered a lifetime pension by the colonial government, Doña Patrocinio declined, saying, “I give my services because I love my country. I do not ask any compensation for these services.’’

She died on November 24, 1953 at the age of 88. Her province mates buried her with military honors at Jaro’s Balantang Veterans’ Cemetery. (PNA) scs/SDT/mec

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