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October 28, 1986: President Cory Aquino issues EO 51 (Milk Code) to support breastfeeding

MANILA, Oct. 28 – On October 28, 1986, President Corazon C. Aquino issued Executive Order No. 51 or the Milk Code by virtue of the legislative powers granted to the Chief Executive under the Freedom Constitution.

One of the preambular clauses of the Milk Code states that the law seeks to give effect to Article 11 of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes (ICMBS), a code adopted by the World Health Assembly (WHA) in 1981.

Accordingly, from 1982 to 2006, the WHA adopted several Resolutions to the effect that breastfeeding should be supported, promoted and protected, hence, it should be ensured that nutrition and health claims are not permitted for breastmilk substitutes.

In 1990, the Philippines ratified the International Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Article 24 of said instrument provides that State Parties should take appropriate measures to diminish infant and child mortality, and ensure that all segments of society, specially parents and children, are informed of the advantages of breastfeeding.

On this same day in 1701, Simon de Anda, who was the Spanish governor-general of the Philippines during the British occupation of the country in 1762, was born.

Anda actually served as governor-general of the Philippines twice — from October 6, 1762 to March 17, 1764, and again from July 1770 to October 30, 1776.

He engaged in negotiations with the English (1763 to 1764) and received the governor position from them in April 1764 when they withdrew in accordance with the February 10, 1763 Treaty of Paris ending the war in Europe between England, on one hand, and France and Spain on the other.

During his second term as governor-general, from July 1770 to October 30, 1776, Anda continued reforming the army and engaging in public works, although confronted with problems with the Moros who never stopped from causing troubles in his governorship.

He also opposed the king's order of November 9, 1774 to secularize the curacies held by regulars. The order was repealed on December 11, 1776.

Anda died on October 30, 1776 in Cavite at the age of 76. A monument to his legacy was erected on Bonifacio Drive in Port Area, Manila and the towns of San Simon in Pampanga, and Anda in Bohol were named after him.

Also on this same day in 1997, the National Council for Children's Television (NCCT) was created by Republic Act No. 8370, also known as the Children's Television Act, which aims to develop high quality, locally-produced children's shows to meet the developmental and informational needs of the Filipino children.

The NCCT monitors all television programs and advertisements aimed at children. (PNA Features)

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