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Today in History

April 13, 1872

MANILA, April 13 — On April 13, 1872, Ramon Avancena, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who contributed immensely in enriching Philippine jurisprudence, was born in Molo, Iloilo.

Finished Bachelor of Laws at the University of Santo Tomas in 1898, Avancena, expert both in criminal and civil laws, was a great jurist and profound scholar whose life was devoted to the just interpretation of the law.

He became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1926, when the incumbent Manuel Araullo died until his retirement in 1941.

Trained in a school of thought given to philosophical disquisitions and dissertations than to the practical aspects of a controversial issue, he, at times, different with the thinking of his associates in the High Court.

Still, Avancena, whenever he did his dissents, showed lucidity of exposition and brilliancy of judgment.

He died on June 12, 1957 at the age of 85.

Also on this day in 1857 was the birth of Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera, a scholar, writer, historian, doctor and politician.

He was one of the first three Filipinos who became members of the Philippine Commission during the American occupation.

He founded La Democracia, a pro-American newspaper, and headed Partido Federal, a political party that collaborated with the Americans.

In 1923, Avancena was appointed as director of the Philippine Library and Museum, and, during that year, formed the Philippine Library Association and became its first president.

He died on March 25, 1925 at the age of 67.

Also on this same day in 1893 was the birth of Frank Murphy, the last American governor-general in the Philippines from 1933 to 1935, in Michigan, U.S.A. (PNA)


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