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Today in History

October 28, 1701

MANILA, Oct. 28 — Simon de Anda, a Spanish governor general who sent a letter to the King of Spain complaining about the irregularities committed by the friars in the Philippines, was born on October 28, 1701.

De Anda, who ruled the Philippines from October 6, 1762 to March 17, 1764, and again from July 1770 to October 30, 1776, was also the Spanish governor during the British occupation.

He engaged in negotiations with the British (1763 to 1764) and received the governor's position of the city from them in April 1764 when they withdrew in accordance with the Treaty of Paris of 1763.

During his second term as governor general of the Philippines from July 1770 to October 30, 1776, De Anda continued reforming the army and engaging in public works, although confronted with problems with the Moros who never stopped from causing troubles during his governorship.

He also opposed the king's order of November 9, 1774 to secularize the curacies held by regulars, and had the order repealed on December 11, 1776.

De Anda died on October 30, 1776, in Cavite at the age of 76 years. A monument to his legacy was erected on Bonifacio Drive in Port Area, Manila.

The towns of San Simon in Pampanga and Anda in Bohol were named after him.

Also on this same day in 1931, Act No. 3827 was approved by the Philippine Legislature, declaring the last Sunday of August of every year as an official holiday known as National Heroes' Day. (PNA) scs/SDT/mec

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