By Glena P. Sologastoa
ILOILO City, Nov. 25 (PNA) - Taxi operators and drivers operating here were educated about the benefits of using renewable energy especially in terms of mitigating air pollution.
They were gathered recently in a one-day forum dubbed as Renewable Energy and LPG Utilization as Alternative Fuel for Vehicles organized by the Metro Iloilo Airshed (MIA) and supported by the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) 6, Land Transportation Office (LTO) and the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB).
The forum aims to educate our taxi operators and drivers on the environmental and health benefits of using clean alternative fuel such as the Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). The less they emit toxic gases into the atmosphere, the less they contribute to air pollution, said Atty. Jonathan P. Bulos, regional director of the EMB as well as the chairman of MIA.
The MIA has one of the most active Governing Board in the country that vigilantly monitors the air quality status in this southern city.
DENR Administrative Order No. 2005-11 dated June 10, 2005, designated the MIA and created its Governing Board.
An airshed is defined as a region sharing a common flow of air, which may become uniformly polluted and stagnant.
According to Bulos, taxi operators and drivers are seen as potential partners of the MIA in bringing down air pollution in the city.
Based on the Department of Energy (DoE) 2010 Preliminary Data, the road transport has a greater fuel consumption of 92 percent while the water transport is only 8 percent.
As to petroleum oil mix consumption, the transport sector eats up 71 percent while the industry consumes 11 percent followed by commercial and residential sectors with 8 percent each and the agriculture sector with only 2 percent consumption.
We need to shift to renewable energy sources since most of the energy we use today come from burning of fossil fuels (oil, coal and natural gas). The burning of fossil fuels produced a lot of harmful by-products such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and heavy metals [that pollutes the air], disclosed Engr. Jeriel G. Militar, Project Director of the Central Philippine University-Association of Renewable Energy Center (CPU-AREC).
Other renewable energy sources being tapped are biomass, geothermal, solar, hydropower, ocean and wind, Militar added.
Also earlier, DENR Secretary Ramon J.P. Paje issued an administrative order that states starting January 01, 2016 all new passenger and light duty motor vehicle types to be introduced in the market shall comply with EURO 4 emission limits subject to EURO IV fuel availability."
Euro 4 is a European emission standards that define the acceptable limits for exhaust emissions of new vehicles.
It helps limit toxic gases emissions into the air, such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), total hydrocarbon (THC), non-methane hydrocarbons (NHMC), carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM) for most vehicle types.(PNA)